You might have read all about Election commission India but what do you know about our election commissioner? What does our election commission do? Its goals and functions?
We are going to answer the above questions of yours in this article.
What is Election Commission India
The modern Indian nation state came into existence on 15th of August 1947. Since then free and fair elections have been held at regular intervals in this democratic Country.
The Constitution of India has vested in the Election Commission of India the superintendence, direction and control of the entire process for conduct of elections to Parliament and Legislature of every State and to the offices of President and Vice-President of India.
The Election Commission is a permanent Constitutional Body. It was established in accordance with the Constitution on 25th January 1950.
Originally the commission had only a Chief Election Commissioner. It currently consists of Chief Election Commissioner and two Election Commissioners.
The Election Commission is headed by the Election Commissioner. He is usually a member of the Indian Civil Service and mostly from the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Revenue Service.
The Election Commission of India has its official website which is
Functions of Election Commission India
Election Commission of India (ECI) is the constitutional body of India and its work are defined in Constitution of India. We highlight some of the functions of Election Commission Of India:
- Election Commission of India is fully independent body and Government never interferes in its work.
- Election Commission of India is responsible for the election of President, Member of Parliament, MLA etc.
- Election Commission of India has responsibility to declare date of election under Constitution of India.
- It sees that the voters can exercise their franchise without fear or lure. It is an important function of the commissioner to see that peace is not disturbed. For these election meetings, processions and propaganda etc. are strictly regulated by the commission.
- The Election Commission prepares the electoral’s rolls which are revised before every general election or state legislatures.
- It supervises the machinery of election; it notifies the dates of elections, conducts elections, recognizes political parties, allots those symbols and enforces a code of conduct for the political parties.
- Election Commission of India takes control of all the police, forces, and reserve police to conduct safe and fair election.
- The Election Commission can ask more forces from reserve police and fund to conduct election in various level
- Many a time’s voters are often exposed to monetary allurement or physical intimidation to win votes. All these have to be checked by the vigilant election commission. The election commission’s one very important duty is to prevent all kinds of electoral corruption and to ensure free and fair poll.
Appointment & Tenure of Commissioners
The President based on a recommendation from the Government of India appoints Chief Election Commissioner and Election Commissioners. They have tenure of six years, or up to the age of 65 years, whichever is earlier. They enjoy the same status and receive salary and perks as available to Judges of the Supreme Court of India. The Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from office only through impeachment by Parliament.
The salary and other conditions of service of the Election Commissioner are determined by the Parliament of India through “Election Commission (Condition of Service of Election Commissions And Transaction of Business) Act, 1991
List of Chief Election Commissioners
|3||S. P. Sen Verma||1967||1972|
|4||Dr. Nagendra Singh||1972||1973|
|6||S. L. Shakdhar||1977||1982|
|7||R. K. Trivedi||1982||1986|
|8||R. V. S. Peri Sastri||1986||1990|
|9||V. S. Ramadevi||1990||1990|
|10||T. N. Seshan||1990||1996|
|11||M. S. Gill||1996||2002|
|12||J. M. Lyngdoh||2002||2004|
|13||T. S. Krishnamurthy||2004||2005|
|14||B. B. Tandon||2005||2006|
|17||S. Y. Quraishi||2010||2012|
|18||V. S. Sampath||2012||Till date|
The decisions of the commission are taken by a majority vote. V. S. Sampath is the current Chief Election Commissioner and other two Election Commissioners are Harishankar Brahma And S N A Zaidi.
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