Why are Bihar Assembly Election important this year?

Bihar Assembly election in India are conducted in accordance with the Indian Constitution. The Bihar Assembly creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level bihar assembly election need to be approved by the Parliament of India. The elections are conducted by the Election Commission of Bihar, whose website can be accessed by clicking on this link.

To know about applying for a voter card to vote in the Bihar Assembly Election, click on this link.

Importance of Bihar Assembly Election 2015:

The Bihar Assembly Election are due as the tenure of the current Assembly expires on 29th November 2015. It is important to mention that the Janata Dal United (JD-U), the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) and the Samajwadi Party (SP) have announced to fight the election jointly under Nitish Kumar under the Janata Pariwar banner. This ‘secular alliance’ is likely to be joined by the Congress, the NCP and also the TMC. This will take on Modi-led BJP’s AshwamedhaYagna to the Bihar assembly election.

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To know Who Said What and Who has sided with Whom in the Bihar Assembly Election – Click Here.

Bihar Assembly Election Composition:

No Land Acquisition Bill or any reforms are going to be the subject of the Bihar assembly election. The game plan is to bring the party’s political positioning into the caste system support. Here is a breakup of the core voter base of each party:




Yadavs (14%)


Koeris (5%) + Kurmis (4%) + Muslims (15%)


No core voter base left, but will fetch 4-5per cent votes from the mixed bag.


Majority of Upper Caste (18%) + Baniyas (7%)


Dalit (6%)


Mahadalits (10%) and Most Backward Caste (MBCs) (21 %)

Going down – Bihar

Bihar was once named among the most promising emerging growth centers but has now fallen off the radar again.

Major issues like building roads and bridges, like ensuring electricity to all households, like creating jobs, like providing an enabling ecosystem for new investment and innovation in governance have not been given as much importance as social justice and communal-secular divide have been given.

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Bihar Assembly Election parties and Big Names:

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP)

Before the 2014 elections, the demand for change was extremely loud. Narendra Modi fit the bill as the leader and deliverer of this change. The people of Bihar have not forgotten Nitish Kumar‘s shocker by breaking the 17-year old alliance with the BJP that made Nitish the Bihar CM.

RSS members are on everyday meetings with BJP leaders to discuss the bihar assembly election and plans to monitor the BJP campaign in Bihar closely.


Narendra Modi

The citizens are curious about Mr Modi who has impressed the youth looking for hope across the caste system. These young voters could cut across all caste lines and might decide the fortunes of BJP in Bihar.

The Congress and others ranting against BJP and Modi continuously are only helping the electorate support Modi.


Nitish Kumar

Nitish Kumar and his new ally Lalu Prasad Yadav have so far relied heavily on countering what they see as a ‘communal’ BJP with a ‘social justice’ plank.

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Jiten Manjhi

Nitish Kumar handed over power to Jiten Manjhi, a leader from the unprivileged Musahar caste, to build a support base.

With Manjhi’s exit from the party, the Nitish-Lalu combination will face a major blow after the exit of Dalits who are around 21per cent of the state’s population and will make the duo largely dependent on Muslim-Yadav-Kurmi caste. The upper castes do not support Nitish Kumar after he joined hands with Lalu Prasad Yadav.


Janata Pariwar (JDU + RJD + Cong + NCP)

The BJP will now battle the combined might of Nitish + Lalu + Mulayam + Pawar + Congress.

However, most of the Bihar citizens today think that Nitish Kumar is responsible for Bihar’s current political crisis.

The Janata Parivar may look as the winners of the bihar assembly election, but the reality suggests otherwise.

Find out more about Bihar political parties by clicking on this link.

All in all, the bihar assembly election is the most important election after the 2014 General Elections to decide about Bihar as well as the country in the long run.

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